Detail of the Frontispiece of the Avataṃsaka Sūtra: The Decorative Border



This is the part of the thin strip that decorates the perimeter of the transformation scene. 


It is decorated with a pattern of vajra (金剛杵) and lotus flowers. The vajra is a ritual implement that originated in India. It is said to have been a weapon used by the Indian Vedic deity Indra, and when Indra was incorporated into Buddhism throughout Asia as Śakrodevandra Śakra, the weapon became a ritual implement. 


There are several types of vajras depending on the number of prongs extending from the pestle-shaped body. Thus, there is a single-pronged vajra, triple-pronged vajra, and quintuple-pronged vajra.

Please click to see the details of transformation scenes